The menisci tear in different ways. The orthopedic specialist depending on how they look, where they occur, and how complex they are classes the tears. Common tears include the parrot-beak, flap, bucket handle, longitudinal, and mixed/complex. Sports-related tears of the meniscus often happen along with other knee injury. Sudden tears can occur when the athlete squats or twists the knee. Direct contact or a sharp blow can also cause meniscus injury.
When a meniscus tear is serious and the symptoms persist with nonsurgical treatment, your doctor may recommend an arthroscopic procedure of the knee. This is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures where the orthopedic specialist inserts a miniature camera into the knee joint to trim and repair the tear to the meniscus. While he is doing this surgery, other torn structures can be repaired and treated as well.« Back to Glossary Index